Chapter 4 Rocks and Minerals - Volcano World. The four minerals that make up granite are feldspar, quartz, mica, and hornblende. ... Soil contains very small crushed pieces of rock and organic (plant and animal ..... are lizenithne, chert, dolostone, gypsum, halite (rock salt), diatomite, and chalk. ... stalagmites growing together in Jewel Cave National Park in South Dakota.